The city of Ostrava is the third largest city in the Czech Republic and has the third largest population. It has an advantageous strategic position - 10 kilometres south of the border with Poland, 50 miles to the west of the border with Slovakia, 360 km from Prague, 170 km from Brno and 310 km from Vienna. Four rivers flow through the city - Odra, Ostravice, Opava and Lučina. The first mention of the city is in 1267, the city arose on the Amber Way, which traders had been using since time immemorial as the main road connecting the Baltic and the Mediterranean Sea. The city walls were built in the 2nd half of the 14th century. A breakthrough in the city’s development came with the discovery of coal in the second half of the 18th century, this later started the development of the ironworks. Now Ostrava has lost the look of a typical industrial city, coal was last mined in 1994. A mining museum was created on the sites of the former mines and a number of closed metallurgical buildings, exceptional architectural gems in Europe, are waiting to be opened to the public. In addition to technical monuments, it offers visitors numerous cultural and historical monuments and other attractions, which allows those arriving a stay full of unforgettable experiences.
There are several ways to get to Ostrava, the mostconvenient is the Pendolino train or by Leo Expres, the bus connection is alsoa pleasant one.